Saturday, December 7, 2019
Describe what your role, responsibilities and boundaries would be in terms of the teacher/training cycle Identifying needs and planning Designing Assessing Evaluating Facilitating The role, responsibilities and functions of the teacher can be identified in the following sections of the teacher/training cycle; Identifying needs and planning Preparation is extremely important for any classroom situation and it is important to establish lesson plans for the session and also any materials that are required. Identifying the needs of the students who will be attending will help in the preparation.Information such as prior experience they have of the subject matter and any special requirements or needs that the student has will enable me to personalise and tailor the session to the group. Designing Materials for use within the classroom must be designed to ensure that they are fit for purpose. They must be clear, concise, accurate and be easily used by the students within the classroom. We will write a custom essay sample on Teacher/Training Cycle or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Any impairments of students should be considered for example some students with visual impairments may require hand-outs in larger fonts.Lessons should be designed to incorporate the different learning styles of students. The content of any learning materials/session plans should be professional and up to date which means that I must continually keep up to date and carry out CPD to make sure that the content of sessions is relevant. Facilitating To ensure that I effectively facilitate learning within the classroom I should be prepared and confident with the session plan, materials and the content and I must be professional at all times.It is important when facilitating to establish ground rules with the students and to set expectations and allowing the students to contribute to this. Setting expectations allows students to see how the session will be run and what they should get out of it. I must ensure that the students feel safe and comfortable within the classroom and I also must make them feel included. Being approachable, friendly and open should allow students to feel comfortable enough to express their views and opinions.I must also get to know and understand students and understand different learning styles that they have and incorporate different styles to enable learning. Being adaptable when facilitating learning is crucial and being able to change the lesson to suit the students and their learning this will enable me to tailor the lesson to the audience. A key responsibility of mine will be to ensure the welfare and wellbeing of the students within the classroom and to challenge any inappropriate behaviour. Assessing
Friday, November 29, 2019
The Giver by Lois Lowry-1994 Newbery Medal Winner I chose The Giver by Lois Lowry because according to the American Library Association, it is one of the most challenged books in the nation. The Giver was written by Lois Lowry, published in 1993, and awarded a Newbery Medal for that year. It is a controversial book because of its violent and sexual passages that some adults have deemed inappropriate for children, as well as for its mature themes of euthanasia, infanticide, and suicide. However, I believe The Giver is a great book for children because it allows for them to learn and explore their own beliefs on controversial issues. The Giver is a deserving book for the Newbery Medal because it follows the basic guidelines of being published in English in the United States, is an Ã¢â¬Å"original, stand-alone workÃ¢â¬ by the author, and it also relates to young readers and contributes to American literature through its mature themes, original plot, strong, central characters, and utopia-like setting. We will write a custom essay sample on The Giver Newbery Medal Winner or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page In The Giver, the characters live in a place that seems like an ideal world, one where there is no poverty, war, disease or suffering. Everything is in order and under control, and the people have no worries or cares. The community cannot see color and there are no climatic variations. To ensure that the devastation of the world and the past is not relived, the community is isolated from the rest of the world, also known as ElsewhereÃ¢â¬ . To keep the community a cohesive unit, everyone is assigned a position to uphold. The main character is a twelve-year-old boy named Jonas, who is selected by the community to be the Ã¢â¬Å"Receiver of MemoriesÃ¢â¬ . Only the Ã¢â¬Å"GiverÃ¢â¬ knows the truth and memories of the past, and now he must pass on the burden of these memories to Jonas through the process of touch. According to the ALSC organization, The Giver must have distinguished qualities to receive the Newbery Medal, meaning it is marked by conspicuous excellence and is individually distinct. The Giver must also display a respect for childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s understandings, abilities, and appreciations. This book has its own eminence not only because of the story itself, but also because it has become known as controversial and challenging. The Giver contains two powerful themes, both of which help children understand the importance of freedom in their lives. The main theme asserts that when total security is achieved, freedom is ultimately sacrificed. A secondary theme illustrates the concept that emotions can only truly be experienced if opposing, negative emotions can also be experienced. This is the reason why the position of Ã¢â¬Å"ReceiverÃ¢â¬ is necessary. The people in the community have stopped feeling or truly experiencing any emotions. Only the Receiver can truly feel anything because he has the memories of the bad as well as the good. The community lives only in the present, which gives the people a narrow perspective of life. The people are naive and have no ability for intellectual growth because they cannot gain knowledge from past memories. Our memories are an integral part of what makes each of us unique and special. Memories help us understand our past and hopefully learn from it to create a better future. Denied those kinds of memory, the people in The Giver are unable to form individual identities and make real connections to others. It is essential that children understand the idea that it is okay to make mistakes when they are growing up because from negative experiences comes growth, learning, and positive experiences. In order for these themes to be credible and eminent, they must be illustrated by strong, believable central characters like Jonas. Jonas has the qualities it takes to be a good friend, and these are the qualities that young readers can recognize and identify with. To better understand the themes contained in this book, it is crucial that children understand the setting of the community that has resulted by taking away all unpleasant influences and memories. When Jonas is escaping his secure world at the end, and Lowry describes the new setting he is traveling into, young readers are able to appreciate and understand how much of their physical world they take for grantedÃ¢â¬âa world Jonas has never experienced first-hand. This book seems best suited for children of middle school years or older, since the themes it explores are too complex to be fully appreciated by younger readers. Children in their middle school years struggle with roles of independence as they are growing upÃ¢â¬âthey want to be independent and free to pursue their own interests, but they also want someone else to take care of them and keep them from experiencing pain or sadness. This book is valuable to children because it can help them better understand the principles of freedom and security and the importance each holds in their lives now and in the future. The story of The Giver and the character of Jonas teaches children the dangers of allowing the desire for security to overwhelm freedom of choice. The book ends on an ambiguous note, and Lowry leaves it up to readers to decide what happens to Jonas. This helps foster creativity in young readers and promotes discussion because ultimately the reader has some freedom of choice and they can draw their own conclusions about what happened to Jonas. Themes of independence, courage, and growth are popular among Newbery Medal winners. Lois Lowry also won a Newbery Medal for Number the Stars, a story that focuses on themes of friendship, bravery, and the courage to escape Denmark during the Nazi occupation. The Bridge to Terabithia by Katherine Patterson portrays realistic emotions, relationships, and friendships, and helps children understand how to cope with problems, such as deathÃ¢â¬âcontrasting the society in The Giver, where emotions and death are avoided. Themes of discovery and identity are even explored in From the Mixed Up Files of Mrs. Basil E Frankweiler by E. L. Konigsburg, an exciting, mystery of a girl who wants change in her life and to run away from her current world. No matter what the setting or plot of the story, Newberry Medal winners address the constant inner and outer struggles that children go through as they grow up. All of these books are Newbery Medal winners because they are not only entertaining for children to read, but they actually have an impact on childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s lives and help them learn about the experiences they will encounter in their daily lives. The actions some adults take to ban The Giver takes away the freedom of speech, the freedom to read, the freedom of expression, and the freedom to learn and exploreÃ¢â¬âabilities we want our children to possess as they grow up. The banning of The Giver is ironically similar to the actions of the communityÃ¢â¬âtaking away all freedom, choice, and controversyÃ¢â¬âand enhances the idea that a seemingly good and Ã¢â¬Å"perfectÃ¢â¬ world in reality creates a stifling dystopia. The Giver teaches children that massive destruction is not only caused by wars, it is also caused in other ways. It is caused when human principles are repressed. We can massively destroy ourselves by destroying love, choice and liberty. In conclusion, The Giver is a deserving Newbery Medal winner because of its complex themes, its believable, powerful writing style, its carefully built plot, and its completely realized world. Children are encouraged to view events from JonahÃ¢â¬â¢s perspective, and explore the community, ideas, events, and experiences that shape his identity, and then further shape their own.
Monday, November 25, 2019
Heart Of Darkness By Conrad essays In the novella Heart if Darkness by Joseph Conrad Marlow and Kurtz undergo similar journeys through the most evil and dark regions of their psyche; however, Marlow is able to realize the darkness inside him and retain his soul before he reverts to a savage animal-like Kurtz has. Marlows disillusionment begins as he arrives on the shore of Africa. When he first arrives on the coast of Africa he sees a large warship bombarding the overgrown forest that has encroached on the beach. This firing is random and is only pointless destruction. He sees the natives, and the people view them as their enemies. Marlow thinks of them as enemies at first, however when he sees them up close he thinks they are nothing more than "black shadows of disease and starvation." Marlow sees the natives clinging to the shade which seems cooler and peaceful but when he enters the shade he realizes it is actually "a gloomy circle of some inferno." Marlow identifies with Kurtz finding many of the same qualities that Kurtz has in himself. Marlow idolizes Kurtz. Marlow sees a freeness and rebellious quality he wishes he could possess. Marlow sees that Kurtz has embraced his savage side when he goes and travels with the native savages. Marlow shows he has the savage qualities as well when he follows Kurtz into the forest, but not to the extreme Kurtz has. Marlow also shows his savageness when he is first in Africa when he and his men are carrying a dead man. One of his men expects to see Marlow kill someone, this man sees that Marlow has the potential to kill a man. Marlow realizes that Kurtz is a savage by his actions and behavior. First Marlow is horrified by the human heads on the poles outside his house. Marlow is also outraged and upset when Kurtz threatened to kill him if he did not give him the ivory. Kurtz is willing to kill over a small amount of ivory. Kurtzs viciousness is shown when he threatens him; because Kurtz does no...
Friday, November 22, 2019
Why Black and Minority Ethnics seem not to accept mainstream opportunities like The Princes Trust 12 week development Programme - Essay Example llege students in the UK is the Princes Trust 12 week programme which Ã¢â¬Å"features confidence building, team events, challenges, outdoor activities and fundraising eventsÃ¢â¬ (The Birmingham Post, 2006). The program intends to give students from minority communities a chance to gain practical skills that would make a real difference to their community. But in spite of this promise, the statistics pertaining to student enrolment into this programme paints a disappointing picture. The rest of this essay will delve deeper into the underlying causes for this situation. Firstly, despite several flaws inherent in the 12-Week personal development programme, it has had its share of success as well. For instance, a team of young students participating in a Princes Trust 12-week programme run at Bournville College Ã¢â¬Å"chose to revamp the neglected memorial garden at Witton Cemetery. The memorial garden was created after the Second World War as a tribute to civilians who had lost their lives and was in desperate need of a facelift. Countless visitors have come to pay their respects since the gardens restitution, with its upkeep actively undertaken by many local residents.Ã¢â¬ (The Birmingham Post, 2006) Talking on the occasion of the teamÃ¢â¬â¢s success, Steve Perkins of the PrinceÃ¢â¬â¢s Trust noted that Ã¢â¬Å"this team is a great example of how a diverse group of people can learn to look at things in an entirely new way. The enthusiasm and commitment they put into this project after initially showing signs of apathy, has been exceptional." (Coventry Evening Telegraph, 2008) The story of one particular team member, Danny McErlean, who comes from an ethnic minority background, is quite exceptional. Having left school in his early teens and later running away from his home, Danny found refuge in youth hostels for a while. Throughout these years he was also involved in petty offences and drug abuse. It was in this troubled condition that the 12-Week programme offer came his way.
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
Marketing - Research Paper Example As Pete, the new Managing Director, points out customers do not find even venue enticing anymore. Before shops are given a fresh look to make them more attractive, it is essential to decide which class of the customers, the company wants to target at Ã¢â¬â such as business class or young couples who want to pass leisure time or Ã¢â¬Ëas a local community store working closely with neighbourhood partners as Pete points out. Kotler describes Ã¢â¬Ëproduct positioningÃ¢â¬â¢ as an essential marketing tool to carve a suitable niche as the company cannot hope to serve all segments of the market simultaneously. Product positioning will also help decide advertising campaign and brand positioning keeping in mind the targeted class of customers using scarce resources most judiciously. As Kotler emphasizes that the company needs to shift its focus on buyer wants rather than its needs. Product differentiation is a key strategy that the Roast needs to adopt in its services, product offerings with numerous varieties in its menu so that customers have several options to choose from. Thus, distinguishing companyÃ¢â¬â¢s product line from the competition is a key marketing strategy that can play a pivotal role to attract targeted customers. Services also play an important role in differentiating with the competition so the company must focus on it as an integral part of the product differentiation strategy. Employees are considered the biggest asset in any organization and they play a pivotal role in success or failure of any organization (Schofield, 2006).
Monday, November 18, 2019
An argument on The Basic Law and the Limits of Toleration - Essay Example Liberalism strives to create justifiable criteria for determining what courses or options of actions are justifiable out of a personÃ¢â¬â¢s set of feasible actions, or added to improve its significance, and options that people can legally pursue (Schmitt 147). A personÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to make law for his or herself does not imply that the results of actions will be wise. In the name of liberty, they will begin doing weird things, in their privacies, and then complain about life being boring. According liberalism, liberty has a significant meaning only if it includes the freedom to do things that everyone does not agree with. These are the actions that the liberals have to tolerate. This is what is referred to as liberal tolerance (Schmitt 145). Annette Schmitt, in his article Ã¢â¬Å"The Basic Law and the Limits of ToleranceÃ¢â¬ is determined to assess whether a constitution that allows the suspension of individual rights (Art. 18GG), and the prohibition of parties (Art. 21.2 GG ) deserves to be labeled as a liberal-democratic constitution (Schmitt 149). Schmitt performs this assessment based on the analytical framework created by the liberal concept of toleration. Tolerance is only meaningful, within the liberal concept theory if it has certain limits. ... e is natural law created by Creator to, which everyone is entitled to, and it is the duty of a state (society) to protect these rights (Benvindo 333). Some of these rights include: equality before the law; freedom of expression; freedom of assembly and association; freedom of faith; of conscience, and of creed; right of property, of asylum, and of petition; right to life, and the right to privacy of correspondence, posts and telecommunications (Schmitt 149). These rights are stipulated in Art. 1 GG. It asserts that Human dignity shall not be violated, and it is the duty of a society (state) to respect and protect these rights (Schmitt 150). The content of Art. 1 GG, may not be altered at all, like Art.2 to 17 GG whose contents may not be altered as long as their essential content is concerned. This is because Art. 1 to 17 GG are not ordinary programmatic statements, but directly applicable laws (Schmitt 149). According to the basic law, anybody who feels that his or her rights have b een violated with a judicial ruling, a statute enacted by parliament, and a decree issued by the administration has the legal rights to present his or her complains before the Federal Constitutional Court. In this case, Schmitt feels that the parliament, local administration, and the judiciary are responsible for suspending or prohibiting an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s right, which the citizens feel that is not objectionable (Rogowski & Gawron 25). A state is tolerant if it accepts to puts up with its citizens doing certain objectionable things. However, it has the freedom to stop tolerating these actions. The first stage in Ã¢â¬Å"stopping toleratingÃ¢â¬ is Ã¢â¬Å"Start prohibitingÃ¢â¬ . A state may decide to prohibit certain courses of actions if it finds that certain rights are objectionable. When a state
Saturday, November 16, 2019
Diversity commitment at Toyota DIVERSITY AT TOYOTA Toyota commitment to diversity is built into every area of their business. Everything what they have done was rooted into two fundamental principles Ã¢â¬Å"Respect for people and continuous improvementÃ¢â¬ . This belief has been supported by work from the United Nations, which explains diversity efforts in the workplace facilitate the exchange of new perspectives, improve problem-solving by inviting different ideas and create a respectful, accepting work environment, all of which make good business sense (Reichenberg 2001). Taken together, the achievements and pledges summarized under the following key business areas represent Toyota 21st Century Diversity Strategy, a ten-year, multi-billion dollar sustainable commitment to minority participation in the Toyota of today and tomorrow. Diversity can be expressed in different ways, such as nationalities, worldviews, gender and minorities, cultures, skills and life styles. In general, studies tell us that no matter how diversity is expressed, it benefits with societies that foster it (Cf. for example, Florida, 2002). Toyota was named to DiversityInc.s 2006 Top 50 Companies for Diversity list in recognition of its commitment to diversity and to fostering an inclusive corporate culture. In its first time competing for this recognition, Toyota ranked 29th on the list. The DiversityInc top-50 list is considered to be the most in-depth analysis of U.S. corporate diversity management and leadership. Toyota was also named to Black Enterprises 2006 Best Companies fo r Diversity list in celebration of exemplifying the best practices in diversity across North America. Structure Over the next 10 years, Toyota will invest a multibillion dollar in diversity and align diversity with its mission to provide equal opportunity. Toyota way, the diversity strategy represents a fundamental sea change in the way Toyota do business and think about doing business. For Toyota, diversity is an opportunity to continuous improvement in every aspect of business and to show their respect for people. Employment After issue about Jesse L. Jackson Toyota announced a $7.8 billion 10 year diversity program for its U.S. operations. Partnered with INROADS to provide internships to talented minority youth interested in becoming Toyota team members after graduating from college established an automotive training centre in Los Angeles, which has trained more than 1,400 minority candidates for careers as automotive service technicians. Advertising Hired Asian, Hispanic and African-American advertising agencies to help ensure we are reaching our multiple diverse audiences effectively. Procurement In 2002, Toyota spends $700 million with minority owned businesses. Toyota seeks long term quality relationships with its business partners and suppliers. Partners and suppliers are considered part of the Toyota family and are an integral part of the legendary Toyota supply chain management network. Source: http://www.toyota.com/about/diversity/21stcenturyplan.pdf Dealer Representation When it comes to Toyota dealerships, their aim is clear to have the best dealers in the industry selling the best products in the world. This philosophy extends to Toyotas minority dealership program and is the reason Toyotas dealer diversity program is one of the most successful in the industry. Retail Diversity Initiatives Toyota is committed to helping talented minorities prepare themselves for leadership positions within the retail automotive sector. Toyota pledges $1 million to partner with Toyota Lexus dealers to help recruit, train, and develop minority employees for dealership management and technical position. Automotive Training Centres In 1993, Toyota created the Los Angeles Urban League Automotive Training Centre (ATC). This joint venture with the Los Angeles Urban League provides no cost job training and placement for unemployed and underemployed urban residents in the automotive industry. The program has graduated 850 trainees who have gone on to secure entry level jobs. The economic impact of this program has exceeded $20 million to date. Starting in 2002, Toyota will replicate the success of the Los Angeles ATC by opening a similar training facility in the eastern United States. Over the years, it too will have a significant economic impact of hundreds of millions of dollars. Community Involvement One of the most significant aspects of Toyotas diversity activities is its support of minority organizations. Among these are United Negro College Fund, Hispanic Scholarship Fund and our trademark Toyota Community Scholars program. Toyota also provides funding and volunteers to the 100 Black Men Young Black Scholars program. Conclusion and recommendation Toyota sees diversity as a pathway to create a better Toyota. Success in diversity gives Toyota access to the best and the brightest. It creates opportunities for new partnerships. Diversity allows Toyota the ability to fully participate in todays changing marketplace. Diversity gives Toyota additional ways to make a difference and to earn the respect of all of their communities. In short, it provides Toyota with a new way to fulfil its mission to become the most successful and respected car company in America. On a negative side, according to Jobvent.com, a website which rates employers, Toyota is believed to pay well but its workers find it difficult to maintain a good work-life balance. Despite good pay and benefits, the employees also feel a strong lack of respect for them as no one speak to them and they dont feel acknowledged unless they are managers and have to work a minimum 9-10 hours a day being a Japanese company